Greek Meanings and Different Translations
Greek Word Study – Holman Study Bible – Ephesians
Ephesians 4:4 HOPE – g1680
There is One Body and One Spirit — just as you were Called to One HOPE, at your Calling.
g1680. ἐλπίς elpis; from a primary ἔλπω elpō
(to Anticipate, usually with Pleasure); Expectation (abstractly or concretely) or Confidence: —
Faith, Hope. AV (54) - hope 53, faith 1;
Expectation of Good, Hope in the Christian sense Joyful and Confident Expectation
of Eternal Salvation.
On hope, in hope, having hope, in the Author of Hope, or He who is its Foundation
of the thing hoped for.
1680 elpís (from elpō, "to Anticipate, Welcome") – properly,
Expectation of Something Sure (Certain); Hope.
Biblical Hope is never mere human wishing!
Ro 5:1-5: we exult in hope (1680/elpís) of the glory of God. 3And not only this, but we also exult in our tribulations, knowing that tribulation brings about perseverance; 4and perseverance, proven character; and proven character, hope; 5and hope (1680/elpís) does not disappoint, because the love of God has been poured out within our hearts through the Holy Spirit who was given to us" (NASB).
Hope in Scripture goes beyond human wishing and is not based on earthly circumstances (outcomes). Accordingly, no situation can cause faith to become hopeless. Indeed human disappointments always operate in God's appointments, so we must cling to Christ in adversity and actively expect His best.
Hope (hoping) operates in the spiritual (invisible) realm in which God imparts faith
(cf. Ro 8:24 with 1 Jn 5:4). Hope carries a deep sense of assurance from God about the conviction He works within (i.e. about the persuasion-faith He inbirths, Heb 11:1).
Example: The "Blessed Hope" of the Church is the reality of Christ's Second Coming (Tit 2:13).
Hope (1680/elpís) in Scripture is always based on the written or living word of God. This spiritual waiting, with faith-prompted expectation, knows the Lord will bring to pass what He has spoken –
in the way He desires and on His timetable.
Jamieson, Fausset and Brown Commentory
hope--here associated with "the Spirit," which is the "earnest of our inheritance" (Eph 1:13, 14). As "faith" is mentioned, Eph 4:5, so "hope" here, and "love," Eph 4:2. The Holy Spirit, as the common higher principle of life (Eph 2:18, 22), gives to the Church its true unity. Outward uniformity is as yet unattainable; but beginning by having one mind, we shall hereafter end by having "one body." The true "body" of Christ (all believers of every age) is already "one," as joined to the one Head. But its unity is as yet not visible, even as the Head is not visible; but it shall appear when He shall appear (Joh 17:21-23; Col 3:4).
Matthew Henry's Concise Commenary
Ephesians 4:1-6 Nothing is pressed more earnestly in the Scriptures, than to walk as becomes those called to Christ’s kingdom and glory. By lowliness, understand humility, which is opposed to pride. By meekness, that excellent disposition of soul, which makes men unwilling to provoke, and not easily to be provoked or offended. We find much in ourselves for which we can hardly forgive ourselves; therefore we must not be surprised if we find in others that which we think it hard to forgive. There is one Christ in whom all believers hope, and one heaven they are all hoping for; therefore they should be of one heart. They had all one faith, as to its object, Author, nature, and power.
Gospel Transformation Bible Study Notes
Eph. 4:2–6 The first set of imperatives concerns the unity of the Spirit. Paul urges the Ephesians to maintain the bond of peace by doing four things (vv. 2–3). They are to be humble, gentle, and patient, bearing with one another in love. How many relational problems could be avoided if only we waded into conflict more slowly and gave people the benefit of the doubt?
Having explained practically how to maintain the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace, Paul goes on to mention seven theological propositions that speak to the reality of the unity the church in Ephesus already shares: (1) We are one body. (2) We have one Spirit. (3) We have one hope. (4) We have one Lord. (5) We have one faith. (6) We have one baptism. (7) We have one God and Father of all. The unity of the church—which given this doctrinal foundation does not require any sort of watered-down theology—is precious to Christ and should be precious to us (cf. John 17:20–23).
Greek Word Study – Holman Study Bible
Blessed - Ephesians 1:3 Blessing – Ephesians 1:3
Praise the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has BLESSED us in Christ
with every Spiritual BLESSING in the Heavens.
BLESSED – g2127.
εὐλογέω eulogeō; from a compound of 2095 and 3056; to speak well of,
i.e. to bless (thank or invoke a benediction upon, prosper): — bless, praise.
AV (44) - bless 43, praise 1;
to praise, celebrate with praises to invoke blessings to consecrate a thing, a person with solemn prayers to ask God's blessing on a thing pray God to bless it to one's use pronounce a consecratory blessing on of God to cause to prosper, to make happy, to bestow blessings on favoured of God.
2127 eulogéō (from 2095/eú, "well, good" and 3056/lógos, "word, reason") – properly, speak (reason) to confer benefit; hence, bless.
2127/eulogeō ("confer what is beneficial") is used of God blessing people (Lk 1:28; Eph 1:3; Heb 6:14, etc.) – and His people blessing Him (Lk 1:64, 2:28, 24:53; 1 Cor 14:16; Js 3:9).
1.2127/eulogeō ("bless") is literally "bring a good word," i.e. to confer a benefit (blessing).
It is the very nature of blessing to stimulate further blessing.
2127 (eulogeō) involves a liberal (generous) spirit which enriches. 2127/eulogéō ("bless") passes
on benefit by giving oneself ("giving oneself away").
Reflection: God also graciously does this in us as we receive (obey) faith from Him.
Gal 3:9: "So then those who are of faith (4102/pístis) are blessed (2127/eulogéō) with Abraham,
the believer" (NASB).
2."Blessing God" in Scripture is distinct from "praising God." Blessing (2127/eulogéō) God means committing oneself to Him ("giving ourselves away" wholly to Him).
Lk 1:64: "And at once his mouth was opened and his tongue loosed, and he was speaking, blessing (2127/eulogéō) God."
3."Blessing God" extends (shares) ourselves with the Lord, giving our word to be
completely His – i.e. conferring ourselves to Him which fulfills the common OT imperative,
"Bless the Lord!"
Ps 103:1,2: "1A Psalm of David.
Bless the LORD, O my soul,
And all that is within me, bless His holy name.
2Bless the LORD, O my soul,
And forget none of His benefits" (NASB).
Ps 104:1: "Bless the lord, O my soul!
O lord my God, You are very great;
You are clothed with splendor and majesty" (NASB).
Ps 104:35: "Let sinners be consumed from the earth
And let the wicked be no more.
Bless the lord, O my soul.
Praise the lord" (NASB).
Scripture calls us to "bless God"!
See: Lk 1:64,68, 2:28; Ro 1:25, 9:5; 2 Cor 1:3, 11:31; Eph 1:3; 1 Pet 1:3.
The distinction between "blessing God" and "praising God" is carefully preserved in the original Hebrew/Greek text of Scripture and therefore both should be practiced in true worship!
"Praising God" acknowledges (exalts) His work and character. In contrast, "blessing God" means surrendering oneself to Him.
[The scriptural imperative to "bless God!" is frequent in the (Hebrew) text of the OT. See Ps 103:1,2, 104:1, etc. Unfortunately, it was "eliminated" by the NIV (and other translations), rendering it the same as "praise God."]
God also "gives Himself away" to us as He blesses us. A. W. Tozer,
"God gives . . . but He doesn't give away!"
Reflection: "Blessing (2127/eulogéō) God" means giving ourselves away to Him. It is so important to bless God because this impacts Him forever. Why? The Lord never becomes more nor less than He has always been, is, or will be (cf. Rev 4:8). Therefore what impacts God now . . . does so forever! Meditate on this in light of Mal 3:6 and Heb 13:8.